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How can removing the spleen and gallbladder help people with thalassemia?

People with thalassemia might need to have their spleen and/or gallbladder removed to help treat thalassemia symptoms. If the spleen gets too big and is removing too many red blood cells (RBCs), it may need to be removed. This is called a splenectomy. The spleen’s other job is to fight germs. After it is removed, people may get infections more easily. Doctors will give them extra medicines to keep them well.

If people get gallstones because of thalassemia, they might need their gall bladder removed. The body is fine without a gall bladder so they don’t need any extra medicine if they get it removed.

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