What is vesicoureteral reflux?

Vesicoureteral reflux is  an abnormal movement of urine from the bladder into the kidneys.

There are 5 grades of reflux - 1 is the mildest and 5 is the most severe.

Most children develop grade 1-2 reflux, which fortunately resolves itself over time in the majority of cases. Grade 3 will resolve approximately 50% of the time and grade 4 and 5 will resolve in a minority of cases.

The surgery to correct reflux essentially lengthens the path of the ureter as it travels into the bladder. The surgery is successful approximately 98% of the time, with children usually going home in 2-3 days.

This is an abnormal, congenital condition where the urine from the bladder enters the kidney backwards.  Normally there is a valve that prevents this from happening.  In children this can lead to high fevers, kidney infections and ultimately permanent kidney injury.  An xray called a voiding cystogram can diagnose the condition.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.