Bladder fistulas develop when trauma, surgery, radiation therapy, inflammation, or infection damages the bladder wall enough to create an abnormal opening. The most common cause is surgery, particularly hysterectomy. More than half of all fistulas develop as a result of this procedure. Diverticulitis, an inflammatory disease of the intestines, is another common cause. The inflammation can weaken the intestine wall until an abscess develops and breaks open. Cancer is also a cause of bladder fistulas, but indirectly: the radiation therapy associated with cancer treatment can weaken the organ walls and cause a fistula to open.
- Q Is a bladder fistula serious?
- Q How do bladder fistulas affect the body?
- Q What is a bladder fistula?
- Q How does a bladder fistula affect my quality of life?
- Q What increases my risk for a bladder fistula?
- Q What is the rate of incidence for bladder fistula?