Bladder fistulas develop when trauma, surgery, radiation therapy, inflammation, or infection damages the bladder wall enough to create an abnormal opening. The most common cause is surgery, particularly hysterectomy. More than half of all fistulas develop as a result of this procedure. Diverticulitis, an inflammatory disease of the intestines, is another common cause. The inflammation can weaken the intestine wall until an abscess develops and breaks open. Cancer is also a cause of bladder fistulas, but indirectly: the radiation therapy associated with cancer treatment can weaken the organ walls and cause a fistula to open.
- Q How do I manage my bladder fistula on a daily basis?
- Q What are the symptoms of a bladder fistula?
- Q What can I expect after surgery to repair a bladder fistula?
- Q Can bladder fistula be prevented?
- Q How does a bladder fistula affect my quality of life?
- Q What increases my risk for a bladder fistula?