What causes a bladder fistula?


Bladder fistulas develop when trauma, surgery, radiation therapy, inflammation, or infection damages the bladder wall enough to create an abnormal opening. The most common cause is surgery, particularly hysterectomy. More than half of all fistulas develop as a result of this procedure. Diverticulitis, an inflammatory disease of the intestines, is another common cause. The inflammation can weaken the intestine wall until an abscess develops and breaks open. Cancer is also a cause of bladder fistulas, but indirectly: the radiation therapy associated with cancer treatment can weaken the organ walls and cause a fistula to open.

Continue Learning about Bladder Disease

Bladder Disease

The main function of your bladder is to store and release urine. Your bladder is located in your lower abdomen and collects urine from your kidneys. As the bladder fills, nerves in the bladder tell you that you need to urinate. Bl...

adder diseases can cause pain and affect the way your bladder functions. Bladder problems and diseases include urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder cancer and loss of bladder control. Bacteria can cause infection in the urinary tract and the bladder. There are ways you can prevent bladder infection. See your doctor if you are having bladder problems. Many bladder problems are treatable and symptoms will not go away if you ignore them. Treatments vary, depending on your bladder problem. Tests used by doctors to diagnose bladder diseases include urine tests and x-rays.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.