How does cystoscopy with cauterization treat bladder cancer?

Johns Hopkins Medicine

The appropriate treatment for bladder cancer is determined by the stage and grade of the tumor(s). Cystoscopy with cautery (heat) destruction of the tumor is most often used in the treatment of superficial bladder cancer (tumors that do not invade the bladder wall).

Most modern cystoscopes are equipped with channels that permit small instruments to be passed into the bladder for the purpose of removing tissue, stopping bleeding with a special electrical device called an electrocautery or even performing laser treatment. If the bladder cancer tumor is small enough, this cautery may be used to remove cancer.

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