What are the types of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders?

Different terms are used to describe fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), depending on the type of symptoms. Fetal death is the most extreme outcome from drinking alcohol during pregnancy.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): FAS represents the severe end of the FASD spectrum. People with FAS might have abnormal facial features, growth problems and central nervous system (CNS) problems. People with FAS can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision or hearing. They might have a mix of these problems. People with FAS often have a hard time in school and trouble getting along with others.

Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND): People with ARND might have intellectual disabilities and problems with behavior and learning. They might do poorly in school and have difficulties with math, memory, attention, judgment and poor impulse control.

Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD): People with ARBD might have problems with the heart, kidneys or bones or with hearing. They might have a mix of these.

Continue Learning about Birth Defects

What do doctors look for when diagnosing fetal alcohol syndrome?
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