Advertisement

What are the types of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders?

Different terms are used to describe fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), depending on the type of symptoms. Fetal death is the most extreme outcome from drinking alcohol during pregnancy.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): FAS represents the severe end of the FASD spectrum. People with FAS might have abnormal facial features, growth problems and central nervous system (CNS) problems. People with FAS can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision or hearing. They might have a mix of these problems. People with FAS often have a hard time in school and trouble getting along with others.

Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND): People with ARND might have intellectual disabilities and problems with behavior and learning. They might do poorly in school and have difficulties with math, memory, attention, judgment and poor impulse control.

Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD): People with ARBD might have problems with the heart, kidneys or bones or with hearing. They might have a mix of these.

Continue Learning about Birth Defects

What do doctors look for when diagnosing fetal alcohol syndrome?
Univ. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family MedicineUniv. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family Medicine
To diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), doctors look for: Abnormal facial features (e.g., smoot...
More Answers
Is it safe to drink wine coolers and beer while I am pregnant?
Univ. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family MedicineUniv. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family Medicine
All drinks containing alcohol can hurt an unborn baby, even beer and wine coolers. A standard drink ...
More Answers
What safe amount of alcohol can I drink during pregnancy?
Riverside Women's HealthRiverside Women's Health
There is no known safe amount of alcohol a woman can drink while pregnant. When you are pregnant and...
More Answers
What are cephalic disorders?
Riverside Center for NeurosciencesRiverside Center for Neurosciences
Cephalic disorders are congenital conditions that stem from damage to, or abnormal development of, t...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.