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Does the birth control patch interact with any medications?

Donna Hill Howes, RN
Family Practitioner

The following medications have adverse reactions when combined with hormonal birth control methods:

  • Antibiotics can cause hormonal birth control methods to fail. This includes penicillins, tetracyclines and rifamycins.
  • Anticonvulsants can cause hormonal birth control methods to fail. This includes carbamazepine, felbamate, hydantoins, oxcarbazepine, rufinamide and topiramate.
  • Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors can cause hormonal birth control methods to fail.
  • Fluconazole, griseofulvin, aprepitant, barbituates, bosentan, glitazones, mifepristone or modafinil can cause hormonal birth control methods to fail.
  • If you are taking a beta blocker, a corticosteroid, theophylline or a tricyclic antidepressant, a form of birth control containing a progestin and estrogen may not be a good option for you.
  • If you are taking cyclosporine, a form of birth control containing a progestin and estrogen can lead to side effects and should be avoided.
  • If you use birth control containing a progestin and estrogen, you should avoid St. John's wort.

This answer was adapted from Sharecare's award-winning AskMD app. Start a consultation now to find out what's causing your symptoms, learn how to manage a condition or find a doctor. 

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.