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What are mood episodes in bipolar disorder?

According to National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), "people with bipolar disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in distinct periods called mood episodes." NIMH describes a mood episode as an overly joyful or overly excited state or manic episode, and an extremely sad or hopeless state is called a depressive episode. Sometimes, a mood episode includes symptoms of both mania and depression resulting in a mixed state. People with bipolar disorder also may be explosive and irritable during a mood episode.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.