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What are the types of bipolar disorder in children and teens?

Children and adolescents can have various types of bipolar disorder, and symptoms can occur along a broad spectrum. In children and adolescents, diagnoses along the spectrum include:
  • Bipolar I: The most severe form of the disorder, characterised primarily by a manic state or mixed episode state.
  • Bipolar II: Symptoms alternate between depressive and hypomanic states.
  • Cyclothymia: Symptoms include depression and hypomania, but are less intense.
  • Bipolar Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (NOS): The most common diagnosis for children and adolescents on the bipolar spectrum. Children are often diagnosed with BP-NOS if they are one symptom short of the other diagnoses, the duration of episodes is insufficient, or the episodes are not clearly defined.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.