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If you experience one of those oh-my-lord moments when your back gives out on you, know the first line of action: Grab the ice. Applying ice for 20 minutes at a time is going to lower the inflammation that's occurring from the strain. After you remove the ice, the blood flow increases in a way that relieves injured tissues away yet doesn't promote inflammation. Use ice for the first 24 to 48 hours, then switch to heat, which will help promote blood flow to speed healing (be it though pads, sauna, wraps, heating pads, fire-breathing dragons). By the way, when you use ice, your back will feel better afterward as it works to warm itself up. When you use heat, it feels better during the heat treatment itself, and then tends to stiffen up when you stop using it as the area cools down. Only use heat for 20 minutes at a time, or else you can overheat the muscles.
Of course, you can also use anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen to reduce pain and inflammation, and docs may prescribe a muscle relaxant or shoot local anesthetic into the muscle (trigger point injections) to keep the darn things from spasming and feeling tighter than a cyclist's shorts. For a natural alternative, willow bark, the herb from which aspirin was derived, is often as effective as ibuprofen, and does not carry the risk of irritating your stomach if you rub it on.
You can also try certain stretches and exercises to alleviate back pain.
If you've thrown out your back and are in pain, use rest, ice, heat and anti-inflammatory medication to ease symptoms. In this video, David Geckle, MD, a neurosurgeon at Chippenham & Johnston-Willis Hospitals, reveals when you should go to the ER.
The first thing you should do is lie down and rest your back. In most instances, back pain is caused by straining a muscle. Bed rest, taking an anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen and placing a heating pad over the sore area are good first steps to help alleviate your discomfort. Although it may take several days until you feel any improvement, the good news is that this type of situation usually will resolve by itself over time.
Once you’ve thrown your back out and are in agony, the initial treatment for low back strain is typically bed rest for a few days to take the strain off your back, ice and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications. If you do not feel better after several days, you should seek medical care. However, if you are experiencing radiating pain down the legs or sciatica, that may indicate neurological issues and it may be a more serious situation. In that case, you may want to seek urgent medical treatment.
It can hit you even if you don’t have a history of back problems. You could be doing some heavy lifting while moving furniture, and suddenly your back gives out. For the first 24 to 48 hours, applying ice about 20 minutes at a time will help reduce inflammation by increasing blood flow through the strained back muscle. After 48 hours, switch to heat applications, but don’t exceed 20 minutes at a time.
Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as over-the-counter ibuprofen, can help relieve pain as well. For anything stronger, or in cases of serious back issues that prevent you from functioning normally, a trip to a doctor’s office is recommended. The physician may prescribe a muscle relaxant or more powerful anti-inflammatory medication.
Obviously, it is important to rest as much as possible and not to over exert yourself physically during the healing process.
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.