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What are some common types of back surgery?

Back surgeries without serious complications can often be avoided with physical therapy and the guidance of rehabilitation specialists. But when neurological complications call for spinal surgery, there are minimally invasive procedures that can treat vertebral compression fractures (VCF), which involve the vertebral bodies that make up the spinal column.

Kyphoplasty utilizes special tools through a tiny cut to strengthen weakened or collapsed vertebra. When there is damage to the vertebrae, the normally rectangular shape of the bone becomes compressed, causing pain.
A discectomy removes a fragment of herniated disc from the spinal canal, which can cause pressure on the spinal nerves. The discectomy relieves that pressure. Minimally invasive micro-discectomy is a similar procedure done through a small incision.

A spine fusion is a surgery that is performed to link together segments of the spinal column or cervical spine of the neck. These segments, or vertebrae, are individual bones stacked together to comprise the spinal cord. In spine fusion surgery, the vertebrae are fused together to avoid motion between the individual vertebrae.

Your neurosurgeon can review back surgery options after non-surgical programs, such as physical therapy, are ruled out as effective for persistent back pain.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.