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How do medications treat dust disease and asbestosis?

Although there is no way to reverse lung scarring caused by dust diseases like asbestosis and silicosis, medication can help reduce symptoms and prevent further health complications. If someone with a dust disease develops pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs), they can be given medication to help open up small blood vessels that were closed by scar tissue, which eases pressure on the heart and helps prevent it from exerting itself too much. Similarly, blood-thinning medication such as warfarin can be taken to discourage the blood from clotting in the lungs. If someone experiences extreme breathing difficulties, they can be given inhaled bronchodilators to relax constricted airways, or even corticosteroids to reduce inflammation of the airways. Both of these medications allow more air to be taken into the lungs to help compensate for the poor alveoli function.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.