How do artificial sweeteners affect blood glucose levels?

Artificial sweeteners give you the sweet taste of sugar without its calories and without raising your blood glucose levels. Depending on the brand used, one packet will usually give the same sweetness as two teaspoons of table sugar.

There are two classes of artificial sweeteners: noncaloric (non-nutritive) and caloric (nutritive).

Non-caloric sweeteners, such as aspartame, acesulfame-K, sucralose, and saccharin, do not raise blood glucose.

Caloric sweeteners, such as sorbitol, mannitol, and xylitol, are sugar alcohols. They have calories and are absorbed into the blood, although more slowly.

Artificial sweeteners are okay for everyone, except that pregnant or breastfeeding women should not use saccharin and people with phenylketonuria should not use aspartame.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.