What is arteriolosclerosis?

Arteriolosclerosis is a disease affecting the arterioles, or small blood vessels, that carry important nutrients, blood, and oxygen to the body's organs. It causes the middle and inside portions of the arterioles to become thick and rigid. When these blood vessels become stiff, it becomes difficult for blood to get where it needs to go. It mostly affects the kidneys, nerves, and eyes. Arteriolosclerosis is often diagnosed in people with diabetes and high blood pressure, two conditions, which place great, stress on the walls of the arterioles. Arteriolosclerosis is one of three diseases categorized as arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries. Arteriolosclerosis restricts the vessels that connect arteries and tiny capillaries.

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