What is Rizatriptan?

Steven A. Meyers, MD
Diagnostic Radiology
Rizatriptan is the generic name for a migraine medication called Maxalt. It belongs to a class of medication known as triptans. These medications are used to treat migraine and occasionally other forms of headache. Rizatriptan is not used to prevent migraines. It should be taken as soon as possible after a migraine starts. It should not be used by people with certain medical conditions which your doctor will ask about.

Rizatriptan is the generic name for the brand-name drug Maxalt or Maxalt-MLT. It is used to treat migraine headaches, but cannot be prescribed to prevent cluster-type headaches or migraine headaches.

Rizatriptan is referred to as a selective serotonin receptor agonist and works by constricting and narrowing blood vessels inside your brain, stopping pain signals from being sent to your brain, and hindering the release of natural substances that cause nausea, pain and other symptoms that accompany a migraine headache.

Rizatriptan is administered by mouth in a pill form or a disintegrating oral tablet. The drug should only be taken at the onset of a migraine headache.

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