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What is sodium stibogluconate?

Sodium stibogluconate is used in the treatment of leishmaniasis, a condition that results from an infection of protozoan parasites, called Leishmania, which are found in Southern Europe, Asia, Africa, Mexico, Central and South America and the Middle East. The bacteria spreads through insect bites and can form relatively painless but persistent lesions or ulcers on the skin. Cutaneous leishmaniasis can cause lesions that can be disfiguring. A much more severe form of leishmaniasis, mucosal infections, can cause extreme disfigurement by the destruction of mucous membranes in the body, especially those of the nose, throat or mouth. Sodium stibogluconate is administered intravenously, through a slow infusion process. It currently is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and is only available through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sodium stibogluconate also is being tested as a treatment for tumors that can cause cancer.

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