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What is the risk of aneurysm with a bicuspid aortic valve?

In a bicuspid aortic valve, the valve leaflets do not open as fully as they should. This causes turbulence as the blood flows through the valve. It creates areas around the valve where blood stagnates a bit, and other areas around the valve where the blood is under high pressure. This imbalance puts an abnormal amount of pressure on the valve, which sets the stage for damage to occur. Once damage occurs, the areas of stagnation or pooling will allow calcium to deposit on the valve. This will result in thickening and incomplete opening. This process continues until the valve is destroyed.

It is important to note that not everyone with a bicuspid valve will have this problem, but that there is an increased likelihood of calcium deposits forming on the leaflets. It is important to note that the risk of developing bicuspid aortic valve has a genetic basis. Anyone who has a relative who had a bicuspid valve, an aneurysm, or a dissection should have an echocardiogram to assess the structure and function of his or her aortic valve.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.