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What are analgesics?

Analgesics are medicines that help to control pain and reduce fever; some types also decrease inflammation. Analgesics that are available over the counter (without a prescription) include aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen sodium. Prescription-strength pain medicines are also available.
Analgesics, including aspirin and acetaminophen, are used to treat back pain, neck pain, TMJ, carpal tunnel, injuries, headache, PMS, menstrual pain, dental pain, muscle pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, and everyday aches and pains, among many. Aspirin blocks the production of prostaglandins, the chemicals in the body that cause pain, inflammation, and swelling. Acetaminophen elevates the pain threshold, so you perceive less pain.
An analgesic is a type of medication used to relieve pain, including pain related to the cold or flu. Acetaminophen is the most common form of analgesic. It helps relieve pain by changing the way the body recognizes pain or discomfort. Common brand names considered an analgesic include Voltaren, Advil, Motrin, Mobic, Celebrex, Ultram, Aleve, Tylenol, Anacin, Capital, Acephen, Endocet, FeverAll, Excedrin, and Wygesic. For the treatment of the cold and flu analgesics are often combined with other decongestants and antihistamines. Some of these combination drugs include Benadryl, Dristan, Allerest, Duradrin, Sinarest, Sine-Off, Sinutab, and Sudafed.

James P. Ioli, DPM
Podiatric Medicine
Analgesics are a class of medications that encompass pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), which relieve pain without relieving inflammation. Be aware that doctors caution people who drink heavily against using acetaminophen because alcohol can combine with this drug to cause liver damage.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.