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What are the factors that affect the prognosis of anal cancer?

The prognosis (chance of recovery) depends on the following:

  • The size of the tumor
  • Where the tumor is in the anus
  • Whether the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes

The treatment options depend on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer
  • Where the tumor is in the anus
  • Whether the patient has human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Whether cancer remains after initial treatment or has recurred
This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.