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How do medications treat amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?

Riluzole is the primary medication currently prescribed for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It comes in the form of a 50 milligram pill, to be taken twice daily. It slows the disease and prolongs life for some patients, possibly by counteracting an excess of glutamate in the brain. Doctors may also prescribe sedatives and painkillers to alleviate some of the everyday suffering of ALS. Other medications may be prescribed to treat problems swallowing, exhaustion, constipation, and muscle cramps.

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