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What happens when the hippocampus is damaged?

Damage to the hippocampus or its nerve connections can cause amnesia (inability to learn and then recall new information). People with amnesia are unable to form new long-term memories, and they forget information soon after they hear or see it. For example, researchers have found that patients with amnesia can continue doing things like playing checkers as well as they used to (because it was a skill that was acquired over years of practice), but they can't remember the name of their opponent.

Continue Learning about Amnesia

How does amnesia affect the body?
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Amnesia usually has no long-term affects on the body, but it may wreak havoc on the personal and soc...
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What is amnesia?
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You probably learned about amnesia by seeing it play out in a movie or a soap opera. A character sud...
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What do I need to know about caring for someone with amnesia?
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Caring for someone with amnesia may be frustrating at times. Depending on the extent of the amnesia,...
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What is transient global amnesia?
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Transient global amnesia is a temporary event in which your ability to recall where you are or what ...
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.