Allergies
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411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies

How much do you know about keeping your child with allergies or asthma healthy and reaction-free? Find out with our quiz.

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411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 1 of 20 Correct

Which of these foods could help asthmatics breathe easier?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Broccoli is a good source of magnesium, which works with calcium to regulate contraction and relaxation of the smooth muscle, critical to breathing. Calcium helps the muscles contract, while magnesium helps them relax. Asthmatics commonly have low magnesium levels, and without the relaxation promoted by magnesium, the calcium keeps muscles in an overcontracted state. Other foods packed with magnesium? Kiwi, watermelon, carrots, salmon, beets, asparagus, wheat, quinoa and almonds.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 2 of 20 Correct

What often causes asthma among inner-city populations?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Cockroaches are a chief cause of asthma among inner-city populations, while in the mountain states, cats and dogs cause more allergies. Molds have been reported to be the dominant asthma-related allergens both in the humid Pacific Northwest and in dry areas like Arizona, where they grow in the water of cooling systems.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 3 of 20 Correct

Kids with asthma could be misdiagnosed with…

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Asthmatic coughing and wheezing could disrupt your child's sleep. And it just so happens that the science of sleep medicine shows that the symptoms teachers and parents use to determine whether a child has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are almost identical to those of sleep deprivation. This means that many parents could be wrongfully medicating their children with Adderall or Ritalin instead of the steroid or allergy medication their child really needs.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 4 of 20 Correct

An asthma attack can sound like which musical instrument?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: One asthma patient described her first asthma attack as sounding like an accordion. While the first signs of impending asthma may differ in each child, the common signs are feelings of pressure in the chest, itchiness in places that can't be scratched, breathlessness, elongation of the time it takes to exhale, and the overall process of breathing becoming more rapid and labored.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or false: Steroids for asthma are similar to the ones athletes take.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. The only thing your child's asthma medicine has in common with performance-enhancing drugs is the name. Your child's medicine is an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid and won't enlarge any body parts or grow any hair in odd places.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 6 of 20 Correct

How many kids' asthma attacks are actually their first signs of the condition?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In one emergency department in New York City, approximately one-third of the children treated for acute asthma were not previously known to have had asthma and had never been treated for it, according to the authors. This could be because the child had never had a previous asthma attack, or an attack went undiagnosed or was treated as a different type of medical disorder.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 7 of 20 Correct

Which of these exercise routines can help treat asthma?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Yoga's emphasis on breathing techniques has been shown to help asthma patients. Patients who are taught yoga demonstrate significant improvement in asthma symptoms, medication usage, peak flow rate and exercise tolerance.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 8 of 20 Correct

What makes The Bronx, NY a hotbed for asthma attacks?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The Bronx has high air pollution, and it is estimated that 20 percent of the children who live there have asthma. Hospitalization rates for asthma in Bronx County and East Harlem are twenty-one times higher than those in affluent parts of the city.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 9 of 20 Correct

Can you have a full allergic reaction to something the first time you're exposed to an allergen?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: You'll only have a full allergic reaction to substances after you have already been exposed to them.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 10 of 20 Correct

Which of these is the number one food allergen for kids younger than three years old?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Milk is the number one food allergen for kids under the age of three years old. Peanuts are the number one food allergen for those older than three.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 11 of 20 Correct

If your child has a food allergy, how much of the offending food could be fatal?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: 90 percent of food allergic reactions are caused by the likes of milk, soy, wheat, peanuts, eggs, fish, tree nuts and shellfish, and as little as one-fifth to five-thousandths of a teaspoon of the offending food have proven to be fatal.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 12 of 20 Correct

What could indicate allergies in the first few weeks of your baby's life?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Colic is indicative of allergy to ingredients of baby formula such as milk, eggs and soy.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 13 of 20 Correct

How many foods are patients with food allergies usually allergic to?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Patients are rarely allergic to more than three or four major foods, yet radioallergosorbent (RAST) tests will frequently register many more. Anxious parents, armed with these positive tests, will often err on the side of caution and exclude any offending food groups. The result could be malnutrition, in which kids are not getting enough nutrients for normal physical and mental development.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 14 of 20 Correct

How can you protect your child from a respiratory allergy attack on an airplane?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The low humidity on airplanes combined with changes in cabin pressure can wreak havoc on tear ducts and sinuses, plus there's the added danger of exposure to airborne germs as the air recirculates. Protect your child's sinus defenses with regular saline irrigation before you take off and while in the air. Make sure your child drinks plenty of water as well.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 15 of 20 Correct

What could decrease your child's risk of allergies to pollen?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that infants raised in homes with two or more cats and dogs developed allergies at roughly half the rate as children in pet-free homes. They were also less allergic not just to dogs and cats, but to pollens and other allergens as well.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 16 of 20 Correct

What could indicate allergies in your baby up to two years old?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In babies up to two years old, allergies may show up as eczema, rosy cheeks (the "healthy baby" look) and recurring bronchiolitis, an infection of the airways.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 17 of 20 Correct

How can you keep your child's bedroom allergen-free?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: You can keep your bedrooms allergen-free by removing any furry or feathered animals from the bedrooms permanently, discarding any feather or down pillows or quilts, using polyester pillows and blankets, removing any rugs or carpets and cleaning the bedrooms every day, with a thorough and complete cleaning once a week. Consider using a HEPA air purifier, and get rid of any humidifiers as they increase the growth rate of dust mites and molds.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 18 of 20 Correct

Which topical treatment can lessen your child's eczema symptoms?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Lotions containing alcohols should not be used because the alcohol will dry the skin. Also steer clear of lubricants that contain lanolin, which may be allergenic. For children with severe atopic dermatitis, topical steroid creams prescribed by your physician can provide relief from symptoms; just keep them away from unaffected areas and your child's face. Other medications used to treat eczema include antihistamines and sometimes antibiotics to clear the infection.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 19 of 20 Correct

Could eczema permanently damage your child's skin?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The intense itching and scratching from eczema is often worse in the evening and during the night, keeping the skin chafed and sometimes even weeping, oozing and infected. Scratching often enough and hard enough can lead to infected skin, and the damage can become permanent.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
Question 20 of 20 Correct

True or false: Some dogs, such as poodles, are hypoallergenic.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Cats and dogs advertised as "hypoallergenic" are the stuff of myth, since the allergens of all mammals of the same species are similar. The pet's type of hair, fur length or sex does not make it more or less allergenic.

411 on Kids' Asthma and Allergies
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Allergies

Allergies

About one out of five Americans suffers from allergies. An allergy is an exaggerated response from the immune system to a substance such as dust, pollen, pet dander or mold. Other common triggers include foods such as peanuts and ...

milk; insect bites; and certain ingredients in cosmetics and jewelry. Allergies can cause anything from rashes and hives to itchy eyes, sneezing, coughing, diarrhea, vomiting, and wheezing.
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