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Alcohol passes swiftly from the digestive tract to the blood without being broken down; it then heads to the liver to be metabolized. If you drink alcohol faster than the liver can process it, your brain function becomes impaired, causing intoxication.
The body processes alcohol by absorbing it first in the stomach (20%) and then the small intestine (80%). Then the liver starts breaking it down with an enzyme called alcohol dehydrogenase and finally it turns either into energy or fat. A typical person can only process 5-7 grams of alcohol (1/2 of a typical drink) per hour without becoming intoxicated.
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