What are AIDS-related cancers?

Donna Hill Howes, RN
Family Medicine
AIDS-related cancers are certain cancer types that are more likely to occur in people who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The most common types are Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Other AIDS-related cancers include Hodgkin disease and cancers of the lung, mouth, cervix, and digestive system.

This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.



People with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more likely than other people to develop certain kinds of AIDS-related cancers. Some of these are called AIDS-defining cancers, when acquired by HIV-infected people, because they define the point at which HIV has developed into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). These include:
  • Kaposi sarcoma
  • non-Hodgkin lymphoma
  • cervical cancer
People with HIV face an increased risk of some other cancers, as well:
  • Hodgkin lymphoma, also called Hodgkin disease
  • digestive tract cancers, including anal cancer
  • mouth cancer
  • lung cancer
  • liver cancer

Continue Learning about AIDS-Related Cancers

Who is most at risk for AIDS-related cancers?
Univ. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family MedicineUniv. of Nev. School of Medicine, Family Medicine
Individuals most at risk for AIDS-related cancers are those with untreated or improperly treated...
More Answers
Can radiation treat AIDS-related cancers?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Radiation is one possible treatment for AIDS-related cancers, including cervical cancer and certain ...
More Answers
What are the treatment options for AIDS-related cancers?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
If you have AIDS-related cancer, take medication to fight the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) whi...
More Answers
Should I talk to my doctor about my AIDS-related cancer symptoms?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
If you have HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and notice symptoms that may be signs of cancer, you ...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.