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How does HIV affect my risk of developing cancer?

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection results in varying degrees of immune system suppression and brings an increased risk of cancer. Cancers most commonly associated with HIV infection are known to be caused by other associated cancer-causing viruses, including Kaposi sarcoma and the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is most commonly passed by sexual contact. The risk of other types of cancer is less common but may be increased in patients who are infected with the HIV virus, especially when an individual smokes or drinks alcohol heavily. These risks include cancers of the anus, liver, mouth and throat, lung, testicles, colon, rectum, and skin.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.