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Can AIDS-related cancers be prevented?

Standard cancer prevention strategies - like avoiding tobacco and heavy alcohol use - can help anyone reduce their risk of cancer, including people with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). If you have HIV, you are more likely to get certain AIDS-related cancers, but you can take steps to lower your risk:

  • Consider getting vaccinated for two cancer-causing viruses, human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B.
  • To avoid cancer-causing viruses, use condoms, avoid sex with multiple partners, and never share drug needles.
  • Get regular medical checkups, including cervical Pap tests for women (men who have sex with other men may consider anal Pap tests), to catch abnormal cells before they become cancer.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.