How are AIDS-related cancers diagnosed?


Doctors use different tests to diagnose different AIDS-related cancers. For example:

  • Lymphoma may require several tests, including blood tests, imaging tests (such as a CT scan or MRI), and biopsy.
  • Kaposi sarcoma may likewise require several tests. Your doctor may check your lymph nodes for swelling, check your skin for lesions, and possibly remove some cells for a biopsy. Your doctor may also want to take x-rays or insert a scope into your mouth, nose, or an incision in your skin to look at your internal organs.
  • Cell changes that can lead to cervical cancer may be detected during a yearly Pap test. Anal cancer may also be detected with an anal Pap test.

Continue Learning about AIDS-Related Cancers

AIDS-Related Cancers

AIDS-Related Cancers

With a weakened immune system, individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, have a substantially higher risk of developing certain cancers than those who are virus-free. Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma ...

and cervical cancer are considered AIDS-defining cancers: Medical experts mark the development of one of those cancers as the defining point when an individual has developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Learn more about the symptoms and diagnosis of AIDS-related cancers with expert advice from Sharecare.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.