Which hormones do the adrenal glands make?

The adrenal glands make the hormone adrenaline, which helps the body cope with stresses like illness or injury. Adrenal glands also make hormones that control the amount of salt and water in the body.

The adrenal gland makes a number of different hormones. The outer layer—cortex—produces mineralocorticoids (e.g., aldosterone), glucocorticoids (e.g., cortisol) and sex steroids (e.g., testosterone and progesterone). The inner layer—medulla—produces catecholamines (e.g., epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, and norepinephrine, also known as noradrenaline).

  • Mineralocorticoids—help regulate blood pressure and potassium
  • Glucocorticoids—help regulate blood pressure and adjust the body’s response to stress
  • Sex steroids—help give us the features that make us men or women
  • Catecholamines—help the body respond to stress by controlling our “fight or flight” response and affect blood pressure

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