Question

Adrenal Gland

What are adrenal glands?

A Answers (7)

  • A Emilia Klapp, Nutrition & Dietetics, answered
    The adrenal glands sit in pairs at the top of each kidney. They are responsible for producing several hormones and are critical to managing the body’s stress response. These glands have two areas, the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla, each of which serves different functions. The adrenal cortex produces steroid hormones essential for life, such as those that control the body’s balance of water and electrolytes like sodium and potassium. It also produces hormones that aid in the breakdown of proteins and fats, help the body’s resistance to stress, and contribute to the sex drive. The adrenal medulla produces two principal hormones, epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline), which trigger the body’s fight-or-flight response.
  • The adrenal gland is a small gland that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. These hormones help control heart rate, blood pressure, and other important body functions. There are two adrenal glands, one on top of each kidney. Also called suprarenal gland.

    This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute. 

  • AJames Lee, MD, Surgery, answered on behalf of Columbia University Department of Surgery
    The adrenal glands are two small glands located in the back of the abdomen directly above the kidneys. The adrenal glands produce and secrete a variety of hormones responsible for maintaining the normal function of the body (including blood pressure, the immune system, stress responses, and the reproductive organs).
  • AJay Bishoff, MD, Urology, answered on behalf of Intermountain Healthcare

    The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys and consist of two parts that function separately: the outer layer (cortex) and the inner area (medulla), both of which produce hormones. The cortex produces three major hormones: cortisol, aldosterone, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). The medulla produces epinephrine (adrenaline), norepinephrine, and dopamine.

  • A Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    The adrenal glands are triangular-shaped glands located on the top of your kidneys; they almost look like a beret or even a two-colored plastic hat you'd put on the top of Mr. Potato Head. But don't mistake its odd appearance (and eraser-like texture) for lack of importance; a slight tip of the hat would lead to a hormonal riot in your body. These glands are hormonal workhorses.

    Your adrenal glands produce the stress hormones cortisol, norephinephrine and epinephrine-as well as hormones that turn into both female hormones like estrogen and progesterone and male hormones like testosterone (especially in women, testosterone is thought to be largely responsible for libido).

    The inner part of the adrenal gland (the medulla) produces important chemicals, too, such as adrenalin--the chemical that makes you fired up to win the tennis match or the ability to lift cars during times of extreme crisis.
  • Kidneys and Adrenal Glands
    The adrenal gland is a small gland that makes steroid hormones, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. These hormones help control heart rate, blood pressure, and other important body functions. There are two adrenal glands, one on top of each kidney. Also called suprarenal gland.

    This answer is based on source material from the National Cancer Institute.
    Kidneys and Adrenal Glands
  • The adrenal glands are two small glands that are several centimeters in length (about the size of your thumb), which sit above each kidney in the back of the abdomen. The adrenal glands are responsible for making hormones that control blood pressure and respond to physical stress (fight or flight response), and still others that make us male and female.
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
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