How is acromegaly treated?

Since acromegaly is almost always caused by a benign tumor, surgical removal of the tumor is considered the first step. Radiation treatment often follows, and medication. Growth hormone blockers are usually the best medications for treating acromegaly. Many of these medications contain somatostatin, the hormone naturally responsible for helping the body control the production of growth hormones. Some of these medications only need to be taken monthly. Medications that block growth hormones, such as pegvisomant, may be a good alternative to somatostatin medications. While none of these medications can cure acromegaly, they can help to manage the condition if they are taken regularly.
Donna Hill Howes, RN
Family Medicine

Currently, treatment options include surgical removal of the tumor, medical therapy, and radiation therapy of the pituitary.

The goals of treatment are to:

  • Reduce excess hormone production to normal levels.
  • Relieve the pressure that the growing pituitary tumor may be exerting on the surrounding brain areas.
  • Preserve normal pituitary function or treat hormone deficiencies.
  • Improve the symptoms of acromegaly.

This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.

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