• RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    The Zika virus is spread by Aedes species of mosquitoes. These mosquitoes can pick up the virus by biting an infected person, and then transmit it to someone else they bite later. The virus doesn’t typically spread from person to person directly, though sexual transmission is possible. In fact, the...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    The Zika virus is spread by Aedes species of mosquitoes. These mosquitoes can pick up the virus by biting an infected person, and then transmit it to someone else they bite later. The virus doesn’t typically spread from person to person directly, though sexual transmission is possible. In fact, the...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    The Zika virus can be transmitted sexually. In fact, the first case of local transmission in the continental United States occurred this way. A person in Texas became infected after having sexual contact with someone who had recently returned from a country where a Zika outbreak was happening. Before...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    Microcephaly may be caused by certain viruses. In particular, it has been linked to the Zika virus, a tropical virus that began spreading throughout the Americas and the Caribbean in 2015. The virus was first reported in Brazil in May 2015, and spread very quickly in the months afterward; around the same general...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    As soon as your toddler can hold a toothbrush, you should allow them to brush their own teeth. However, they probably won’t be able to do a thorough job, so once they're done you’ll need to finish it off. If your child is resistant to brushing, try to find a way to make it fun. Also, be sure to teach proper...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A blood culture is a laboratory test that checks your blood for the presence of bacteria or fungi. Your doctor may order a blood culture if you are experiencing signs of infection such as fever, chills or fatigue. A blood culture is done by taking a sample of your blood (usually from a vein in your arm) and...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    The term incubation period usually refers to the time between exposure to a germ (such as bacteria or a virus) and the start of symptoms. For example, the time between shaking hands with someone who has a cold, until you start having cold symptoms yourself. The length of the incubation period depends...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A brain abscess is an infection in the brain, usually caused by bacteria or a fungus. The infection leads to a build up of pus and inflamed and damaged tissue in the brain, which can lead to dangerous swelling. People at risk for a brain abscess include those with a chronic disease or a weak immune...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A kidney biopsy, also called a "renal biopsy," is a diagnostic test that involves removing small samples of tissue from a kidney in order to examine the cells under a microscope. There are two common types of kidney biopsy.
    • Percutaneous ("through the skin") biopsy. In a percutaneous biopsy, a
    ...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    Family medicine doctors are trained and board certified (or eligible to be board certified) to treat patients of all ages, from infants to older adults. They're also trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions and illnesses, from the common cold to pregnancy to high blood pressure. T...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A bacterial vaginosis test is a laboratory procedure in which a sample of vaginal discharge is examined under a microscope to look for signs of bacterial vaginosis, a vaginal infection with harmful bacteria.

    Your doctor will use a cotton swab to collect the sample of discharge from your vagina. Once at...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    Drinking water before a meal could help you lose weight.

    In a trial done in the U.K. and published in 2015, obese participants were told either to drink 500 ml of tap water (that's about 2 cups) before each meal or to imagine that their stomachs were full. After 12 weeks, those who had the liquid...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A postcoital test is a medical examination done as part of an infertility workup, to try to determine the cause of a couple's difficulty in becoming pregnant. In a postcoital test, a doctor takes a sample of a woman's cervical mucus within 12 hours after she has sexual intercourse. The doctor then...Read More
  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A digital rectal exam is a physical exam in which a doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to check for problems in the rectal, pelvic and abdominal area. In men, a digital rectal exam can help a doctor check for growths on or enlargement of the prostate gland. In women, a digital...Read More
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  • RealAge
    RealAge answered:
    A semen analysis is an examination of a sample of a man's ejaculate under a microscope. The semen analysis is a standard and important part of an infertility workup. The microscopic analysis needs to take place within two hours of a man collecting the semen sample in a sterile cup or other container...Read More
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