Johns Hopkins Medicine

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For over a century, Johns Hopkins has been the model for medical research, teaching and patient care. We continue to build on the promise of medicine through innovation, collaboration and compassion. The promise of medicine is being fulfilled right now, in the place where modern medicine was born. Visit us at or call 855-884-6754.

**The content provided on this site by Johns Hopkins Medicine is for educational and informational purposes only. For medical advice and diagnosis, please see your personal healthcare provider.**


  • Johns Hopkins Medicine

    How is the da Vinci system being further developed?

    The surgical robotic system is used for minimally-invasive cardiac surgical operations. It was first used by Drs. David Yuh and William Baumgartner at Johns Hopkins Hospital in June 2003 on a beating heart.
    The surgical robotic system is comprised of four parts:
    •Surgeon console
    •Computerized...Read More
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    Is pancreatic cancer related to genes?

    Up to 10 percent of pancreatic cancers are inherited from parent to child. We are learning about specific instructions in DNA, called genes, that are associated with inherited cancers. 
    Individuals with 2 or more first degree relatives (parent, sibling, or child) who have had pancreatic cancer have an...Read More
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    Is there a cure for pancreatic cancer?

    Some patients with early stage disease have been cured, 20 percent with localized disease. But the majority of patients are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease and do not have high survival rates. In fact, the overall 5-year survival rate for pancreatic cancer is just 5.1 percent (all stages)....Read More
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    Does pancreatic cancer run in families?

    Knowing your family history of disease is important.  Up to 10% of pancreatic cancers are inherited from parent to child.  We are learning about specific instructions in DNA, called genes, that are associated with inherited cancers. Individuals with 2 or more first degree relatives (parent, sibling, or...Read More
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    What is a living kidney transplant?

    Living kidney transplants are transplants from living donors, as opposed to deceased ones. They are an excellent option for some, but not all, patients. Today, you do not need to be related to the recipient in order to donate a kidney. And, if your hospital - like Johns Hopkins - has an incompatible...Read More
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    What is a heart attack?

    A myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, is a medical emergency that occurs when a portion of the heart is deprived of oxygen because of blockage of one of the coronary arteries, which supply the heart muscle (myocardium) with blood. Lack of oxygen causes characteristic chest pain...Read More
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    Where can I find help for low vision caused by glaucoma?

    There are quite a number of low vision aids available. They range from simple and fairly inexpensive to highly sophisticated. Hopkins Low Vision Center evaluation team of optometrists, rehabilitation specialists and occupational therapists provide a comprehensive evaluation and may prescribe special...Read More
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    Is there a vaccine for pancreatic cancer?

    There have been major advances in the development of a promising pancreatic cancer vaccine at Johns Hopkins. With the experimental vaccine, a cancer patient’s own cells were used to produce large amounts of an immunity-stimulating protein. Early results of the pancreas cancer vaccine clinical trials...Read More
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    What is the Blalock-Taussig shunt?

    Used first on November 29, 1944 at Johns Hopkins Hospital, the Blalock-Taussig shunt is what enabled "blue babies" to receive much-needed oxygen after birth. Blue babies were infants born with congenital heart defects. Because of their abnormalities these children suffered from chronic lack of oxygen,...Read More
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    How do prostate cancers differ?

    Diagnosing cancer in time to treat it effectively is crucial. But the issue is complicated by the fact that all prostate cancers are not created equal. Some are very slow-growing, and never need treatment; others can be fatal within a matter of months after they are diagnosed. So it's just as important to find cancer...Read More
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    Can I use alcohol while taking methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?

    Rheumatologists differ on how much alcohol you can drink when taking methotrexate for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The general rule of thumb at the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center is to allow two drinks per week (assuming that liver function tests are being monitored regularly).
    It is...Read More
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    What are complications after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer?

    Following a series of anatomical discoveries of the prostate and its surrounding structures made at Johns Hopkins about two decades ago, changes in the surgical approach permitted radical prostatectomies to be performed with significantly improved outcomes. Now after the surgery, expectations are...Read More
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    Why does a multidisciplinary approach treat breast cancer best?

    You will often hear people use the term "multidisciplinary" to describe the ideal care for cancers and other complex diseases. The reason a multidisciplinary approach is effective is because it includes the opinions of a group of specialists - not just one doctor - in making decisions about your...Read More
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    What breast cancer research is being done today?

    At Johns Hopkins, we are a leader in breast cancer research. We are constantly conducting research and clinical trials to offer women with breast cancer new and effective options. Some of our research is currently focused on:
    • Vaccine research
    • Racial disparities and the treatment of breast cancer
    ...Read More
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    Who treats traumatic brain and spinal injury in children?

    Children's brains and spines can be injured at birth, during infancy and during childhood. The injuries are usually accidental. At Johns Hopkins, a child with traumatic brain and spinal injury is cared for by a team of specialists in many different fields. This team will most likely include:
    ...Read More