Dr. Ehrlich's Activity

  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    How is asthma treated?

    The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, one of the National Institutes of Health, recommends that treatment for asthma include four components:
    • Use of objective measures of lung function to assess the severity of asthma and to monitor the course of therapy
    • Comprehensive pharmacological
    ...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What medications should a child with asthma bring to summer camp?

    Here is a list of medication for children with asthma to provide for emergencies:

    • Acetaminophen
    • Albuterol inhaler
    • Albuterol inhalant solution
    • Hydroxyzine (Atarax) 25 mg PO
    • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) 25 mg PO
    • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) 25 mg IM
    • Chlorpheniramine 4 mg PO
    • Epinephrine 1:1,000 SQ (two) (EpiPen --
    ...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    How does a doctor test for asthma?

    The closest procedure to a sure test for asthma is to challenge the patient with a substance called methacholine, a chemical that triggers bronchospasm in almost anyone when inhaled in large doses. The asthmatic patient is sensitive to even tiny doses. This can help a doctor to identify people...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What are the symptoms of asthma?

    Asthma is a moving target. Wheezing and shortness of breath -- what doctors call "paroxysmal reversible airway obstruction" -- have always been the symptoms that we equate with an asthma attack, but now we know that an attack is much more than this. These symptoms come and go and are usually...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What is an allergic reaction?

    The allergic response is one of nature's dirty tricks. It is a perfectly useful immune mechanism. But deprived of its natural prey -- the parasites that plagued our ancestors in the cradles of civilization -- it comes back to target the wrong things, and so deprive its victims of a normal, comfortable...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What are the signs and symptoms of allergies in children?

    Parental allergies are the best predictor of allergies in children, although there are many variations. In general though, the timeline is pretty standard:

    First weeks
    • Colic. Indicative of allergy to components of formula, such as milk, eggs, and soy.

    Up to 2 years of age
    • Atopic dermatitis,
    ...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    Should my child get allergy shots?

    When they work, allergy shots are a tremendous relief not only from the symptoms of allergy but also from the other precautions we ask our children to take. They're not a panacea, however. They certainly shouldn't be done for very mild allergies; the treatment could be worse -- or at least more a...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    How important is monitoring lung function in childhood asthma?

    Children's lung function should increase steadily as they grow, but in asthmatics, lung growth may not keep pace with the rest of their bodies. Thus, lung function tests are key to monitoring and treating childhood asthma. Current testing is not adequate to the task of predicting airway r...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    How does sleep deprivation affect a child with asthma?

    Quality of sleep is not just about the more than eight hours a night a healthy child spends in dreamland. A child who coughs and wheezes and wakes through the night will be sluggish and inattentive at school. In fact, the science of sleep medicine shows that the symptoms teachers and parents...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    How can asthma affect a child's performance in school?

    Asthma accounts for over 10 million missed school days per year, making it the leading cause of school absenteeism from chronic illness. The nights of interrupted sleep, limitations on activity and disruption of routines take a toll on concentration in class, homework quality, and general quality...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What is an oral food challenge?

    Oral allergy challenge is indicated where skin testing is not definitive about the extent of a problem with certain foods -- or drugs for that matter. For example, a food may register positive in skin testing, but the patient can actually tolerate it because he has outgrown the problem, as often happens with milk. Because...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    Why should I take my child with allergies to a pediatric allergist?

    There's a good reason to go to a pediatric allergist for your child's allergies, not just a regular adult allergist. Apart from the differences in the way the allergic diseases present themselves at different ages, and the way they should be treated, there's the matter of what we might call...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What are the risks of not treating my child’s allergies?

    If a child's allergy is not properly treated it could lead to poor sleeping, runny nose, dry skin -- these are among the precursors to allergies in children that will escalate over the years. Moreover, they are so common that many times they will not even lead to a trip to the doctor. Instead, parents...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What is anaphylaxis?

    The greatest danger from food allergy is anaphylaxis, also known as anaphylactic shock, a violent allergic reaction involving a number of parts of the body simultaneously. Like less serious reactions, anaphylaxis usually occurs after a person has already been exposed to an allergen, although...Read More
  • Dr. Paul M. Ehrlich, MD - New York, NY - Allergy & Immunology

    What foods commonly cause food allergies?

    While any food can cause allergies, 90 percent of all food-allergic
    reactions are caused by:

    - Eggs
    - Shellfish
    - Fish
    - Soy
    - Wheat
    - Tree nuts, such as walnuts and pecans, which are nuts
    - Milk (number one food allergen for those under age of 3 years)
    - Peanuts (number one food allergen for...Read More