Another name for urinary tract infections is bladder infections or cystitis. UTIs happen when bacteria gets in the bladder and causes a significant amount of problems with urinary urgency, urinary frequency, and burning with urination. The most common bacteria that causes urinary tract infections ar
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is usually not serious and/or life threatening, but can cause significant amount of problems. The main problems that people have with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are pelvic pressure, pelvic pain, and problems with emptying their bowels or bladder. If the patient has sever
An enterocele is usually caused by the weakness in the connective tissue at the apex of the vagina. This is most often seen after a hysterectomy in which the cervix and uterus have been removed and the apex of the vagina is sewn together. There is an inherent weakness of the connective tissue in thi
The current guidelines for Pap smear state that a woman should have her first Pap smear at about the age of 21 or 3 years after she becomes sexually active, whichever comes first. Women in their 20's without significant risk factors for cervical cancer (such as smoking, HIV, history of abnormal Pap.
In my 12 years of gynecologic practice, I have not seen a patient get an infection from a toilet seat. Most women are very diligent with their hygiene, especially in public restrooms. It is extremely unlikely that bacteria would grow on a toilet seat then get into a person's vagina or uret
I have numerous patients every year that are pregnant with fibroids, and most often times the patient never notices any problems. If the fibroids are very large then the patient may have problems with severe abdominal pain as the uterus becomes larger. Some women's fibroids will grow while
Yes a cystocele is a type of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). A cystocele is the herniation of the bladder into the vagina. Cystoceles are most commonly caused by a tear in the connective tissue between the bladder and the vagina and if the cystocele becomes severe, it can cause problems with emptying..
Robotic surgery is a type of laparoscopic surgery that uses the da Vinci robot system to assist in performing technically difficult laparoscopic surgery. The main advantage that the robot has is it allows surgeons to do very precise movement, dissection and suturing intraabdominally. As
An ectopic pregnancy can be treated in two ways. If the ectopic pregnancy is caught early, the patient is stable, and there is no internal bleeding, it can be treated with a chemotherapy medication called methotrexate. Methotrexate is a medication that affects the cell cycle and can disrupt the
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is mainly caused by obstetrics trauma. When a patient has a vaginal delivery, this can cause tearing of the connecting tissue of the pelvic floor which would then subsequently cause a weakness or hernia and then pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Other causes of pelvic org
Yes, menstrual problems can be prevented. The most common menstrual problems are pain with menstrual cycles as well as excessive bleeding. The most common treatment for dysmenorrhea (pain with menstrual cycles) and excessive bleeding is to use oral contraception. Birth control pills will decrease...
The most common cause of urinary incontinence is obstetrics trauma and there are many opinions that cesarean section delivery can decrease the chances of urinary incontinence. This is very debatable and is something that should be discussed with your physician if you are considering an electiv
The most common side effects of a copper IUDs are dysmenorrhea and excessive menstrual flow. The definition of dysmenorrhea is pain with menstrual cycles. If a patient is desiring contraception and wants an IUD, the first question I will ask the patient is if she is having heavy periods. If the pati
If ovarian cysts do not resolve on their own or with medication, at times surgical intervention is needed. The most common surgery for ovarian cysts is a laparoscopy. This is a procedure in which a small telescope is placed through the patient's bellybutton and the abdomen is insolated with Co