Surgery to repair a leaking mitral valve is indicated if the leak is severe and if the person has symptoms related to the leaking. In the absence of symptoms, there are other factors that may suggest that surgery is better than waiting. These factors include: heart function is reduced heart has..
Mitral valve prolapse can cause atrial fibrillation. Mitral valve prolapse and chronic regurgitation can dilate the left atrium (a chamber in the heart). When this chamber dilates, it may predispose atrial fibrillation. There are many negative consequences of atrial fibrillation, and it is usually..
Precautions for patients with heart valve disease depend on many factors, such as which valve is diseased, how severely the valve is diseased, how well the heart is pumping, and any other medical problems. Based on this, the doctor will determine when the valve should be fixed and if there are any..
An aneurysm is an outpouching of an artery wall. An aortic aneurysm is an outpouching of the aortic wall greater than 1.5 times the normal wall diameter. An aortic aneurysm can be dangerous as it can rupture and lead to massive bleeding, and ultimately death.
After transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), you can expect to lay flat for the first six to eight hours, but then you will be free to walk around, eat and drink. The following day is more walking, eating, and checking lab values. Discharge is usually on the second day if everything ha
An aortic aneurysm is a very serious, potentially deadly condition, particularly when the diameter of the aneurysm grows to 5.5 centimeters. At this size, it is important to have the aneurysm fixed, as the yearly risk of rupture is high enough to warrant the risk of the surgery. If an aneurysm burst
The transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedure is a new technology that allows a valve replacement for a stenosed aortic valve to be performed with a catheter procedure. The TAVR valve is a metal frame with three tissue leaflets sewn to it, which is then crimped onto a small catheter...
Aortic valve stenosis occurs when calcium is deposited on the valve leaflets, which makes them immobile and decreases their opening. This results in the heart working harder to pump out a smaller amount of blood to the body. Over time, the opening of the valve becomes smaller and smaller, and the he
Open heart surgery is typically a lot less painful than thoracic or abdominal surgery. After discharge, most patients need just a pain pill a day for an additional week, and then Tylenol is sufficient. Most patients are back to driving by two to three weeks and regular exercise by four to six weeks.
Doctors can determine when someone needs open-heart surgery by performing certain tests. When patients have symptoms, tests such as an echocardiogram, angiogram, or CT scan are performed to determine the problem and if surgery is warranted. There are specific indications for each type of condition..
The different types of heart surgery include procedures to fix the following: disease of a heart valve (aortic valve, mitral valve, tricuspid valve) blockages in the arteries of the heart (CABG) aortic aneurysm heart failure (LVAD, transplant) congenital heart defects
People with aortic aneurysms most commonly do not have any defining symptoms, but they often have non-specific chest pain. Pain that is unusual in the chest should warrant a workup to check heart arteries and also to rule out an aneurysm. A very large aneurysm can also cause symptoms if it interacts