Gastrointestinal cancer refers to cancer that originate from the embroylogical derivatives of the gastrointestinal tract including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, biliary system, liver and large bowel etc.
Cigarette smoking is linked to many different cancer types including: mouth, throat, esophagus, lung, pancreatic, bladder and many others. This is because cigarettes contain many chemicals and carcinogens or cancer-related substances. Each individual is different so it is hard to quantif
Typically it is diagnosed both by thorough history and physical followed by radiographic imaging including CT or MRI. Following that, a tissue diagnosis usually requires an endoscopy, specifically ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholagiopancreatography) and EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound) to get tissue b...
Yes, a patient can bank their own blood for surgery. However, the process does take some time (several weeks to several months) to store enough blood for a major operation. Having said that, blood centers are now generally very aggressive at screening blood and transfusions are very safe.
Chemotherapy is usually used as an adjunct to surgery and radiation in the fight against cancer either in a neoadjuvant (before surgery) or adjuvant (after surgery) setting. It can also be used as monotherapy against certain chemosensitive tumors like lymphomas and in a palliative setting where surg
Polycystic ovarian syndrome results from a hormonal imbalance that leads to the development of numerous follicles in the ovaries with absence of ovulation and increase in hormones specifically androgens and precursors to testosterone (DHEAS). This results in obesity, acne, altered masculine-like...
A metastasis is the medical term used to describe the spread/seeding of a primary cancer to another location, such as when someone has spread of a colon cancer to the liver. The presence of a metastasis.
To put it simply, no. Smoking cessation prior to elective surgery of any type, even days before, is better than not quitting at all. Also, in the setting of smoking related diseases such as lung cancer, quitting is still beneficial while one undergoes treatment.
The brain is often the site of tumor spread or metastases. A metastatic brain tumor is a secondary brain tumor that started elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain. It can often present with neurologic symptoms such as seizure, visual changes etc.
Gastrointestinal tumors often remain undiagnosed for a long time because they are slow growing tumors. If they produce hormones, they may present with diarrhea or other bowel changes like a bowel obstruction. If it metastasizes to the liver, then flushing and heart disease may develop.The diagnosis.
The term primary tumor refers to where the tumor originated, i.e. colon or breast. The term metastatic refers to a tumor that originated elsewhere and spread to a location such as metastatic colon cancer to the liver.
Lumpectomy is one type of breast surgery. This is when the surgeon tries to keep as much breast tissue as possible. A mastectomy is when the entire breast is removed. There are three types of mastectomies: modified radical (removal of the breast, lining of chest muscles, and some underarm lymph node
Breast self-exam is important for women to do on a monthly basis, at the same time of month, to identify when changes in the breast occur. Early detection of changes can help detect cancer or disease earlier which helps improve outcomes.
A tumor is essentially uncontrolled cell growth. We classify it as benign or malignant. Benign tumors generally do not spread beyond their confines or metastasize. They are not considered cancers. Malignant tumors are essentially cancers.