• MD: Univ. of Minnesota Residency:
• Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco Fellowship:
• Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, Miami Internship:
• Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis Certification:
• American Academy of Ophthalmology
The cornea is the round, clear first lens of the eye that allows us to see inside the eye to the iris and the pupil. Most patients don't appreciate the cornea because it is so clear and invisible.
When the cornea scars it turns opaque and then it is more visible to the average observer. This opacity,... Full Post
Some patients have a real phobia for anything coming near their eyes. As a result, they cannot tolerate any of the common methods of measuring eye pressure. I can imagine in this instance that their ophthalmologist could schedule cataract surgery with the plan of measuring eye pressure while the... Full Post
If you have dry eyes, they will need more lubrication. This can accomplished with the use of artificial tears or ointment which are available over the counter at any pharmacy. Patients can also add moisture to their environment by adding a humidfier to their living space or turning down the air conditioning. If... Full Post
This medicine (generic: Ketotifen) is a treatment for allergies affecting the eyes. It is available over the counter under a few different brand names and has been used successfully for a long time. It is normally well tolerated and effective against allergies. If you have a history of allergy to... Full Post
The retina is the very sensitive and delicate layer in the back of the eye that receives the light image and converts it into a picture for the brain. It acts like the film in a camera. In order to function it must be touching (attached) to the pigment and vascular layer underneath it. Rarely, it... Full Post
There are so many different types of eye injury it makes it difficult to answer this question specifically.
Generally, contact lenses are a great way to correct vision but they are sitting on the surface of the eye which can lead to other problems, especially infection. Anything that alters the routine... Full Post
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the mucus membrane lining (conjunctiva) of the eye. There can be many causes of conjunctivitis but usually it is a viral or bacterial infection. Because the conjunctiva is very important in the production of the tear film, any injury, even temporary like an infection, can impair... Full Post
Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness and sometimes pustules on the skin usually of the face and neck. Some have called rosacea "adult acne." There are various degrees of rosacea such that many patients have a very mild form that surprisingly causes eye problems with almost no skin troubles.... Full Post
The eyeball is a biologic camera. It gathers light, focuses the light on the retina, and the retina interprets the light to send an image back to the brain. All these functions have to work well to get a clear image. Genereally the eyes work independently so that eventhough one eye works poorly the other... Full Post
Generally, dry macular degeneration progresses very slowly. No ones disease is the same as the next person's. Hence it is impossible to tell each individual how rapidly their macular degeneration will progress.
Recently, there are studies that suggest that taking anti-oxidant vitamins will slow the natural... Full Post
Macular degeneration does not usually blind patients (no vision whatsoever). It can lead to less than 20/200 in each eye which is the current definition for legal blindness in the United States. Most patients have "dry" (not bleeding) macular degeneration which worsens very slowly. Anti-oxidant vitamins... Full Post
During cataract surgery the cloudy, diseased crytalline lens is removed from inside the eye. This would result in a large loss of focusing power if this lens is absent. Before implant lenses were developed cataract surgery patients had to use thick, distorting ("coke-bottle-bottom") glasses or contact lenses.... Full Post