Jeremiah Forster answered:
There is controversy about this but I tell my clients that muscle is equal to metabolism.
Essentially most people when they talk about metabolism they are referring to the amount of calories that your body burns at rest or your basic metabolic rate (BMR). After all if you burn more calories at rest then there is not as much activity that is required to burn a higher percentage of calories.
One main problem with health enthusiasts is they try and burn off fat or keep weight off simply by activity. The reality is the more calories they burn at rest the greater likelihood they will maintain a lower percentage in stored fat and reduce health risks.
Changing food intake or exercise intake can help to change the way the body burns calories but nothing will help more than to get the body to increase the amount of calories burnt at rest.
When people lose muscle they burn less calories at rest. When people gain muscle they burn more calories at rest - period!
When I was a competitive bodybuilder my lean muscle tissue measured around 210 lbs and without cardio activity I could eat 4000 calories per day and maintain my weight. Now my lean mass is around 175 lbs and it takes only 2400 calories to maintain my weight.
My diet had to adjust in order to make up for the reduced amount of muscle. Muscle requires more fuel to maintain its presence in your body. Stored fat requires almost no energy to maintain its presence in your body.
We always look at Basic Metabolic Rate in relation to lean muscle instead of weight because it is the lean muscle that regulates the metabolism not the body weight.
If you take two men and each weighs 200 lbs.
- Guy 1 has a body fat of 20% or 40 lbs of fat and lean muscle of 160 lbs
- Guy 2 has a body fat of 5% or 10 lbs of fat and lean muscle of 190 lbs.
Each weigh the same but which one do you think will burn more calories at rest and have a greater likelihood to stay lean and be able to intake more calories? Of course it is Guy 2.
Fat also takes up more space than muscle. If you gain muscle and lose fat you will get smaller. You will be more dense and compact simply because muscle takes up less space than fat. Muscle also increases your metabolism, stored fat does not.Helpful? 8 people found this helpfulThere is controversy about this but I tell my clients that muscle is equal to metabolism. Essentially most people when they talk about metabolism they are referring to the amount of calories that your body burns at rest or your basic metabolic rate... More
Dr. Andrea Pennington answered:
You can naturally rev up your metabolism by eating 5 or 6 small meals and snacks each day. Diabetics will do well with three small meals and snacks as their blood sugar and medication regimen suggests. The good news is that the body actually becomes more efficient at burning the food you eat -- and the fat you've stored -- when you give yourself small nutritious snacks every three to four hours. This effectively puts your body into "fat burn" mode and takes it out of the sluggish "fat storage" mode.
Depending on your caloric needs, a general guideline is to limit snacks to about 250 calories or less and meals to 350 calories or less. Consider that this is actually how the human body was designed to take in calories for energy. By only giving your body the nutrients it needs to function when you're most active, it becomes efficient at burning food as fuel and keeping your body's cellular processes ticking along at optimal levels.Helpful? 3 people found this helpfulYou can naturally rev up your metabolism by eating 5 or 6 small meals and snacks each day. Diabetics will do well with three small meals and snacks as their blood sugar and medication regimen suggests. The good news is that the body actually... More
Janki Groves - NASM Elite Trainer answered:
It depends on why you want to increase your metabolism. If it is to lose weight, you simply need to create a calorie deficit (burn more calories than you are eating) over time. I wouldn't get too caught up on increasing your metabolism as I would focusing on your goal. You may want to eat six small meals a day (still staying within a certain calorie budget to reach your goal) simply because it'll keep you from getting too hungry and overindulging at your main meals.
Also, find opportunities to move more within your day. If you exercise, make sure you incorporate resistance/strength training and cardio into your routine. Circuit training is a great way to do both in less time. Resistance training will help you build muscle and your body uses more energy (burns more calories) to maintain muscle than to maintain fat.
If you find eating six small meals a day doesn't work for you because you may overeat or it simply doesn't fit into your lifestyle, than I would suggest keeping a food/exercise log and track your calories in vs. your calories expended.
Also, make sure you are making healthy food choices when possible choosing foods that have a low G.I. (glycemic index) so you feel fuller for longer and with less calories.
Hope this helps.Helpful? 1 person found this helpfulIt depends on why you want to increase your metabolism. If it is to lose weight, you simply need to create a calorie deficit (burn more calories than you are eating) over time. I wouldn't get too caught up on increasing your metabolism... More
Sarah Kirtland answered:
Metabolism is comprised of three major categories. The largest contributor is the basal metabolic rate (how many calories your body burns at rest to support life!). The second largest contributor is calories burned through physical activity. This category is where we can have the largest impact on our total caloric expenditure during the day. The last component of metabolism is called thermic effect of food which contributes negligible caloric expenditure. To maximize caloric expenditure from physical activity, multiple workouts per day are desirable. This does not mean torture yourself with three or four full-length, intense workout sessions! The idea here is to take the total work you planned on accomplishing for the day and split it up into multiple training sessions. The benefit is multiple periods in the day where your metabolism will be elevated. This will also allow you to exert more effort and work at a higher intensity during each workout due to the shorter duration. Overall, this will yield greater caloric expenditure. The reason behind this is something called EPOC. Following a high intensity training session, caloric expenditure stays elevated at above resting levels for longer periods of time when compared to low intensity, longer duration workouts. This means that it isn't only the calories burned during the session that matter but the calories burned afterwards as well! An example? Say the planned workout for the day is 30 minutes of weight training followed by 30 minutes of cardiovascular exercise. Instead, try a 10 minute stretching routine in the morning, 30 minutes of weights in the early afternoon and 30 minutes of cardiovascular exercise in the evening. This is certainly just one approach, but can yield great results! Be sure to warm up properly before each training session as you normally would.Metabolism is comprised of three major categories. The largest contributor is the basal metabolic rate (how many calories your body burns at rest to support life!). The second largest contributor is calories burned through physical activity. This... More
National Academy of Sports Medicine answered:
To increase your metabolism experts recommend engaging in high intensity short duration activities like interval training, sprinting, and heavy resistance training. This type of training has been shown to increase lean muscle mass, and promote the increase of natural hormones like testosterone, and human growth hormone that help stimulate your metabolism. Perform high intensity short duration training sessions 2-3 times a week with at least 1 days rest in between sessions. Another method that has been shown to increase metabolism is to increase the amount of lean protein you consume throughout the day. By consuming several small meals a day that contains lean proteins you can help increase your metabolism.To increase your metabolism experts recommend engaging in high intensity short duration activities like interval training, sprinting, and heavy resistance training. This type of training has been shown to increase lean muscle mass, and promote the... More
Bryce Wylde answered:Here's how to increase your metabolism:
Diet: One rule to follow: eat the highest oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) foods possible. This translates into foods with the highest antioxidant power. There are many lists online. The Canadian and US governments have spent millions on this.
We all need to learn to take note on how high in antioxidants foods are within each group (proteins, carbs, fats) and by following this one rule you have the best of all worlds: optimal glycemic index (GI) which considers sugar levels, optimal hormone balancing, "Anti-Inflammatory", ideal protein, and optimal high fiber/good fat, and through this focus you will experience an optimal metabolism! A little known fact is that the Mexican red bean is higher in antioxidant power than the blueberry!
Tips to increase metabolism through diet: Eat high ORAC, eat breakfast, keep hydrated, eat small meals often, eat lots of fiber, incorporate spices.
Oxygen: Without oxygen, you can't metabolize anything or even create energy. It's like a bellow on a fire. With a reduced oxygen exchange, your metabolism is lowered.
Tips to increase metabolism through oxygen: resolve any apnea, breathe deeply, appropriately manage any pre-existing asthma.
Stress: Don't cope but manage stress better. Breathing, Yoga, Biofeedback and Meditation techniques are all methods you can learn to decrease stress and increase metabolism.
Sleep: Get enough of it and ensure it is deep and not broken. Quality of sleep improves with optimal sleep hygiene. Make sure you have a cool, dark, quiet environment and don't forget an ideal mattress (not too firm, not too soft).
Supplementation: After speaking to your health care provider, consider chromium any and all of the following proven supplements, vanadium, B6, 5HTP or pumpkin seed powder, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) from green tea.
Exercise: Increase muscle mass. Don't focus as much on the cardiovascular. Emphasis needs to be on weight bearing and plyometrics in order to increase your muscle mass -- the only metabolic tissue in your body (where fat, water, bone, and connective tissue metabolize very few calories).
Tips to increase metabolism through exercise: Begin by testing your "Basal Metabolic Rate" using body impedance assessment (BIA) (which deciphers your metabolism) to know what your goals are. Metabolism is highest in morning take advantage and exercise then. And, don't skip breakfast!Here's how to increase your metabolism: Diet: One rule to follow: eat the highest oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) foods possible. This translates into foods with the highest antioxidant power. There are many lists online. The... More
Dr. Leo Galland answered:Here are five steps to increase metabolism:
1) Maximize flavor and nutrition. Choose foods that give you the most flavor and nutritional value for the calories you consume. These foods are rich in one or more of the dietary elements that help your metabolism such as vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids. Foods with appetite-satisfying flavor and lots of nutrition top the list, such as blueberries, tomatoes, ginger, onions, and fresh herbs.
2) Benefit from omega-3 oils. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are essential to the healthy functioning of body and brain. Omega-3s help heal inflammation, promote a wide range of cellular activities, and improve or prevent depression, Alzheimer's disease, and other disorders. Plant sources of omega-3s include ground flaxseeds, walnuts, and beans, especially navy, kidney, and soy. Animal sources include fish, especially oily cold-water fish such as salmon or tuna.
3) Up your fruit and vegetable servings to 9 or 10 a day. Find delicious ways to incorporate fruits and vegetables into every meal. Choose those fruits and vegetables with deep colors and intense flavors that reflect their high content of anti-inflammatory phytonutrients, like carotenoids and flavonoids. The deepest red and blue flavonoids belong to a subgroup called anthocyanins, found in the jewel-like colors of like blueberries, cherries, and pomegranate.
4) Skip the artificial sweeteners. The use of artificial flavors and sweeteners deprives you of the potent anti-inflammatory phytonutrients found in herbs, spices and naturally sweet fruits. Studies show that artificial sweeteners interfere with weight loss. So steer clear of these sugar substitutes and enjoy fruit, fruit juice and fruit concentrates for their flavor and nutrition. A recent editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) also raised concerns about the use of artificial sweeteners.
5) Enjoy healthy snacks and desserts. Snacks satisfy hunger, and desserts add fun and satisfaction to a meal. Indulge—but in healthy choices only. Enjoy delicious snacks such as crunchy walnuts or almonds, and dessert treats made from fruit and yogurt that will excite your palate while keeping you satisfied.Here are five steps to increase metabolism: 1) Maximize flavor and nutrition. Choose foods that give you the most flavor and nutritional value for the calories you consume. These foods are rich in one or more of the dietary elements that help... More
Steven Mogavero - NASM Elite Trainer answered:
Metabolism refers to all the physical and chemical processes in the body that convert or use energy, such as:
- Circulating blood
- Controlling body temperature
- Contracting muscles
- Digesting food and nutrients
- Eliminating waste through urine and feces
- Functioning of the brain and nerves
Daily exercise and eating smaller meals 4 to 6 times a day keeps the metabolic furnace burning. It has also been shown that certain foods increase metabolism.
- Food is the Fuel: Increasing physical activity and cutting down on calories are two sure ways to stimulate weight loss. The third way is to add certain foods to your diet that can boost your metabolism.
- Plus Foods: Some special foods not only will help improve your metabolism, but also have other benefits, such as containing antioxidants for disease protection. These are grapefruit, oranges, tomatoes, blueberries and yogurt.
- Spicy Hot: Spicy hot foods have the ability to increase your metabolism by almost 50 percent for the 3 hours immediately following consumption. So try adding a bit of curry, a jalapeno pepper or some other hot spicy food to your diet.
- Protein: Your body burns more calories to process protein than it does to process carbohydrates or fat. So increase the amount of lean protein you eat and cut down on the carbohydrates; enjoy the meat and salad but limit the potato.
These are just a few suggestions. Now go fire up the furnace and remember to stay consistent in your exercise regimen and making healthy choices for your diet.Metabolism refers to all the physical and chemical processes in the body that convert or use energy, such as: Breathing Circulating blood Controlling body temperature Contracting muscles Digesting food and nutrients Eliminating waste through urine... More