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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answeredTypically during pregnancy, you want to add only about 300 extra calories a day - totaling about 2,500 calories daily. However, if you have high blood pressure that could lead to preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, edema, or anemia, your doctor may put certain restrictions on your diet. As always, be sure to avoid raw and uncooked foods, especially fish, during your pregnancy. Also, plenty of liquids can help with all of your pregnancy symptoms, including weight gain, leg cramps, and edema. You may also want to avoid caffeine if you feel that you are developing restless leg syndrome.
Continuing to eat a healthy, nutrient dense diet is important. At this stage of pregnancy the fetus is growing and beginning to store fat, therefore adequate protein and sources of iron are important. The pressure of the growing uterus on the stomach and intestine may cause heartburn, indigestion and constipation. Therefore small frequent meals may be better tolerated and result in less GI discomfort. Also good fluid intake is important to prevent constipation and to maintain blood flow through the placenta. As always, avoid alcohol, excessive caffeine, and any food that is eaten raw or have high levels of mercury is a good practice.