The thinning (atrophy) of the vaginal tissue that causes symptoms of estrogen deficient vulvovaginitis can increase your risk of infections. This can be very serious, as postmenopausal women with atrophic vulvovaginitis also have a higher risk for contracting such as yeast or bacterial vaginal infections and sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV, or AIDS. Women with estrogen deficient vulvovaginitis who wish to have sex should always use a condom. Similarly, doctors recommend water-based lubricants, as petroleum jelly lubrication can rupture latex condoms and the increase risk of infection and irritation. The symptoms of estrogen deficient vulvovaginitis can also increase a woman's risk for urinary complications, such as urinary tract infections and trouble urinating.