The first step in diagnosing German measles is a physical examination by your doctor. The characteristic symptoms of German measles--such as rash, runny nose, spots or a blush on the roof of the mouth that spreads into the throat, swollen lymph nodes and fever--will often be enough for your doctor to make a diagnosis. In some cases--especially if you're pregnant--your doctor may want to confirm the diagnosis with a blood test that measures your levels of antibodies for the German measles virus.
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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Measles: A doctor can usually diagnose measles based on the disease's characteristic rash as well as the small, bright red spots with bluish-white centers on the inside lining of the cheek. Because measles is so uncommon in the United States today, a doctor may take a blood sample from the patient to confirm whether the rash is truly measles. The individual's blood may be tested for the measles virus.
Mumps: If a doctor suspects that an individual has mumps, a virus culture or a blood test may be needed. The blood test can detect mumps antibodies, which indicate whether the individual had a recent or past infection. Most individuals who have mumps will be protected (immune) from getting mumps again. A small percentage of individuals who have been exposed to the mumps virus may be reinfected with mumps and have a milder form of the illness.
Rubella: The rubella rash can look like many other viral rashes. Doctors usually confirm rubella with the help of laboratory tests to detect the virus. Individuals may have a virus culture or a blood test, which can detect the presence of different types of rubella antibodies in the blood. These antibodies indicate whether the individual has had a recent or past infection or a rubella vaccine (MMR).
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