Mechanical devices may be used to manage different types of urinary incontinence.
For stress incontinence
- Pessary: A pessary is a rubber device that is inserted into the vagina until it touches the cervix. The pessary presses through the vaginal wall and supports the urethra. It also pinches the urethra closed to help retain urine in the bladder and reduce stress incontinence. Some women who have stress incontinence use a pessary just during activities that are likely to cause urine leakage, such as jogging. But many pessaries can be worn all the time.
- Weighted vaginal cone: A weighted vaginal cone is a cone-shaped weight that is inserted into the vagina. The cone is used as part of a biofeedback exercise for strengthening the pelvic floor muscles. The cone is weighted (heavy) so the muscles have to work to keep it in the vagina.
- Urethral insert: A thin, flexible tube that is solid rather than hollow (like a catheter) is placed into the urethra to block the leakage of urine.
- External urethral barrier: A self-adhesive patch or a cap is placed over the urethral opening to block the leakage of urine.
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