Bladder training - teaches people to resist the urge to void and gradually expand the intervals between voiding.
Toileting assistance - uses routine or scheduled toileting, habit training schedules, and prompted voiding to empty the bladder regularly to prevent leaking.
Pelvic muscle rehabilitation - Regular, daily exercising of pelvic muscles (Kegel exercises) can improve, and even prevent, urinary incontinence. This is particularly helpful for younger women to improve pelvic muscle tone and prevent leakage.
Biofeedback - Used in conjunction with Kegel exercises, biofeedback helps people gain awareness and control of their pelvic muscles.
Vaginal weight training - Small weights are held within the vagina by tightening the vaginal muscles.
Pelvic floor electrical stimulation - Mild electrical pulses stimulate muscle contractions which should be performed in conjunction with Kegel exercises for optimum results.
Medication - Specific drugs for incontinence as well as estrogen therapy can be effective. A class of medicines called anticholinergics help to decrease the number of voiding and incontinence episodes as well as the volume of any leakage.
Sacral nerve stimulation- low level electrical stimulation directly to the pelvic nerves using a pacemaker-l;ike device can help restore bladder control for urge incontinence.
Surgery - effective if the incontinence is related to structural problems such as an abnormally positioned bladder or a blockage. Augmentation cystoplasty is one such operation associated with satisfactory results.
Diet modifications - eliminating caffeinated beverages as well as alcohol may reduce the symptoms of urinary incontinence.