There are many things, called risk factors, that affect your risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Some of these you can change, like whether or not you smoke, and some you can't, like your age. It's important to know where you stand in your risk for diabetes and heart disease. Once you know your risk, you can take steps to lower your risk so you can lead a longer, healthier life.
Either way, understanding and managing your risk can help you prevent diabetes and heart disease and live a longer, better life.
Risk factors include:
- High blood glucose (sugar)
- History of diabetes during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes (for women)
- High blood pressure
- Unhealthy cholesterol
- Physical inactivity
- Unhealthy eating
- Age, race, gender, and family history
More Answers from American Diabetes Association