Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by tuberculosis bacteria that have spread beyond the lungs. People from certain regions (such as southeast Asia), infants and very young children and people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of developing extrapulmonary TB. The symptoms of the infection depend on the part of the body affected. Areas most commonly infected include:
- Lymph nodes.
- Bones and joints.
- Reproductive or urinary tract organs.
- Tissues covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
Extrapulmonary TB is usually treated with a combination of four medicines for six to nine months, followed by another four to seven months of treatment with two medicines.
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