More than 12 million Americans have thyroid nodules that require medical evaluation. In addition, the annual incidence of thyroid cancer is rapidly rising and its rate of increase outpaces that of all other malignancies. This year, it is estimated that over 45,000 Americans will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer, which afflicts women three times more than men.
A Answers (3)
Penn Medicine answered
James Lee, MD, Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism, answered on behalf of Columbia University Department of Surgery
The number of new cases of thyroid cancer is increasing faster than any other cancer in the United States, and there are approximately 30,000 new cases each year. This increase is most likely due to the fact that we are getting better at finding thyroid cancers when they are smaller and at earlier stages because our screening tests are more accurate. As frightening as the thought of cancer is, most thyroid cancers are very treatable and can usually be cured with surgery and appropriate therapy. In fact, there are only about 1000 deaths from thyroid cancer per year in the United States, which is less than 1% of all cancer deaths.
Riverside Cancer Care Center answered
Thyroid cancer is relatively uncommon compared with other forms of cancer, accounting for 1.6 percent of all cancers diagnosed in the United States. An estimated 20,700 cases will be diagnosed in 2002. The number of new cases is about 16 times the number of deaths, which is estimated to be 1,300 for 2002. Thyroid cancer occurs more than twice as often in women as in men. The rate of new cancers (invasive) for 1999 - the most recent year available - was 10.4 per 100,000 women and 3.8 per 100,000 men.
Thyroid cancer death rates for 1999 were 0.5 deaths per 100,000 women and 0.4 deaths per 100,000 men. The lifetime risk of invasive thyroid cancer is estimated at 0.82 percent (1 in 122) for women and 0.30 percent (1 in 333) for men.
Thyroid cancer is also highly curable. The five-year relative survival rate is 96 percent.
This answer is based on source information from the National Cancer Institute.