Dilation and curettage is a diagnostic procedure to determine if you have uterine cancer. This exam is often used after suspicious cells are found in an endometrial biopsy. Similar to an endometrial biopsy, tissue from the inside of the uterus is removed during this exam. You will likely be under anesthesia for this procedure, as it is a bit more invasive than a biopsy.
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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Dilation and curettage (also known as a D&C) is a minor inpatient or outpatient procedure to diagnose and treat menorrhagia (heavy periods) and other conditions.
The surgeon dilates a woman's cervix and inserts a thin, spoon-shaped instrument to scrape off a sample of the lining of the uterus or to remove the portion of the internal lining that's causing the bleeding. A D&C can treat uterine polyps and fibroids, two common causes of heavy periods.
A D&C is also performed to diagnose why a woman is having difficulty getting pregnant or to remove uterine lining after a miscarriage.
The procedure has some risks, including potential injury to the uterus and cervix, and, rarely, scar tissue on the uterine wall and infection.
A dilation and curettage (D&C) is a procedure that is done to remove tissue from inside the uterus. During a D&C, the vagina is spread open, and a scraping or suction instrument is passed through the cervix and into the uterus to remove tissue from the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
A D&C may be done to:
- Remove tissue that remains after a woman has had a miscarriage.
- Remove tissue that may be causing abnormal vaginal bleeding. The tissue can then be examined for any abnormalities.
- End a pregnancy (abortion).
A D&C is usually done in a hospital without requiring an overnight stay. Pain medicine is given before the procedure. Many women choose to have a general anesthetic that makes them unconscious during the procedure.
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