Day time fatigue and memory loss are two symptoms of sleep apnea.
Watch the video to learn more from Dr. Oz about sleep apnea.
A Answers (19)
Mehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answeredHelpful? 4 people found this helpful.
Michael Roizen, MD, Internal Medicine, answeredSleep apnea causes pausing in your breathing during sleep, usually due to obstruction of the airway by "soft tissues." As you age, the muscles near your breathing tube become less firm. With the increased fat inside your jaw -- such as the fat in a double chin -- you're at increased risk of having your airway close. This airway closure, which is called sleep apnea, is often what is occurring when people snore heavily. When a person who is snoring heavily suddenly stops snoring, total obstruction may be occurring, with no air flow. This is followed by more snoring when the airway opens again. Physical activity decreases the fat in your throat, thus decreasing this form of sleep-related disorder.
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Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Sleep apnea is a common breathing disorder that causes breathing to stop during sleep. This causes sleep to be interrupted. Pauses in breathing may last 10 to 20 seconds and can happen 20 to 30 times or more per hour. The interruptions in breathing cause carbon dioxide to build up in the blood. People may resume breathing with a snorting sound.
Sleep apnea is breathing that stops during sleep. The problem can be mild or severe, based on how often your lungs don't get enough air. This may happen from 5 to more than 50 times an hour.
The two main types of sleep apnea are obstructive sleep apnea, caused by blocked airways, and central sleep apnea, caused by a problem with how the brain signals the breathing muscles.
Sleep apnea can cause you to snore loudly. People with sleep apnea often have sleep problems and are tired during the day. And they are more likely to have high blood pressure and some heart problems.
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Sleep apnea is a condition of abnormal breathing during sleep where airflow stops repeatedly and for a prolonged time each time. Obstructive sleep apnea ("OSA") is due to blockage of the airway despite a person making the effort to breathe ("respiratory effort"). Because the airflow stops, the body arouses enough to engage muscles to open up the airway, but not usually enough to wake the person. As a result, though, oxygen saturation is lower than it should be, and the person does not get restful sleep. OSA also increases the risk for cardiac, vascular, and other diseases.
Central apnea is due to damage to the brain or central nervous system and results in a lack of respiratory effort.
Women are about half to a quarter less likely to have sleep apnea than men, but the incidence in middle-aged women in North America is still about 2%.
UCLA Health answeredApproximately 50% of people report sleep-related problems to their doctors, with obstructive sleep apnea being one of the most common disorders, according to Ravi Aysola, MD, a pulmonologist and sleep-medicine specialist at Santa Monica-UCLA Medical Center and Orthopaedic Hospital. “In addition to causing loud snoring, gasping for air and frequent awakenings during the night, obstructive sleep apnea increases the risk for high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease -- including heart attack, heart arrhythmias and stroke -- as well as poor blood-sugar control,” Dr. Aysola explains. “In patients with coexisting conditions, treating the underlying medical condition may often resolve the insomnia.”
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder in which breathing is repeatedly interrupted or decreased during sleep. This is secondary to muscle relaxation in the throat and tongue which close the airway, preventing airflow, and causing oxygen starvation. When this occurs, the brain sends a survival signal to awaken to a lighter level of sleep and breathing is restored.
This process can be repeated up to hundreds of times each night.
Baptist Health South Florida answered
Sleep apnea is a condition that affects more than 12 million Americans. Sleep apnea is characterized by breathing interruptions during sleep, which result from a collapse of the upper airway. People aren’t aware they have stopped breathing for repeated short periods, but the interruption in the sleeping cycles prevents sufferers from feeling rested. In severe cases, it can be related to life-threatening heart rhythm disorders.
Boston Women's Health Book Collective, answered
Snoring, interrupted breathing during sleep, and daytime fatigue are distinct markers of the sleep-breathing disorder known as sleep apnea. Until about a decade ago, doctors thought that sleep apnea affected only overweight men. But new research has shown that at age fifty, women represent the same number of new sleep apnea cases as men, and a study of midlife women found that the menopausal transition was significantly associated with an increased risk of sleep-disordered breathing. Two causes may be at work. First, the levels of sex hormones that are thought to protect women against sleep apnea decrease; second, during the menopause transition many women gain weight, which increases risk for sleep apnea.
Joe Mercola, Integrative Medicine, answered
Apnea is a Greek word that means "breathe." Sleep apnea is the inability to breathe properly, or the limitation of breath or breathing, during sleep.
There are three general types of apnea described in the literature:
- Central apnea, which typically relates to your diaphragm and chest wall and an inability to properly pull air in
- Obstructive apnea, which relates to an obstruction of your airway that begins in your nose and ends in your lungs
- Mixed apnea is a combination of both
Obstructive sleep apnea consists of the frequent collapse of the airway during sleep, making it difficult for victims to breathe for periods lasting as long as 10 seconds. Those with a severe form of the disorder have at least 30 disruptions per hour. Not only do these breathing disruptions interfere with sleep, leaving you unusually tired the next day, it also reduces the amount of oxygen in your blood, which can impair the function of internal organs and/or exacerbate other health conditions you may have.
Stephen Carstensen, DDS, Dentistry, answeredThe short answer is stopping breathing during sleep. What is important is how many times, for how long, and what problems the sleep apnea is causing. Often the apnea is a result of collapse of the airway, causing the brain to go into panic mode to get the air flowing again. When this happens many times an hour, every night, the person has very poor sleep quality and can suffer from daytime sleepiness, heart disease, kidney problems, and a host of other things no one wants.
Do you snore loudly? Do you regularly suffer from daytime sleepiness? If so, you could have sleep apnea, a common and serious sleep disorder that affects many people with cardiovascular disease. Sleep apnea is a series of pauses in breathing during sleep due to temporary airway obstruction, which can tax your cardiovascular system and contribute to disease.
Snoring is not always related to sleep apnea, but it is no laughing matter and it could be a reason to be checked by your doctor for sleep apnea, especially if you already have cardiovascular disease.
Michael Breus, PhD, Psychology, answeredWatch as Dr. Michael Breus discusses what sleep apnea is and how the condition affects patients.
There are three different types of apnea: obstructive, central, and mixed. The most common form of sleep apnea is called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This occurs when the tissues in the upper airway in the region of the back of the throat are sucked closed. A variant of this type of apnea is called a hypopnea. This occurs when the same tissues in the upper airway are partially collapsed or closed. People with OSA are often overweight, snore, sleepy, and their bedpartner may hear choking or gasping at night. OSA can also be associated with high blood pressure, having to urinate at night, and morning headaches. Some people with this type of apnea are thin and may have upper airway anatomy that is easily collapsible.Obviously, breathing while asleep is crucial, so apnea is very dangerous. Untreated apnea increases a person’s risk of dying.
Harris McIlwain, Pain Medicine, answeredSnoring is caused by the vibration of the soft parts of the throat while breathing in and out during sleep. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) involves periods of breath-holding while snoring. The periods of stopped breathing are called apneas, which are caused by obstruction of the upper airway. Apneas may be interrupted by a brief arousal that does not awaken you completely--you often do not even realize that your sleep was disturbed. Yet if your sleep was measured in a sleep disorders laboratory, technicians would record changes in the brain waves that are characteristic of the arousals.
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Jacob Teitelbaum, Integrative Medicine, answered
Sleep apnea is associated with loud snoring, followed by gasping for breath as the airway closes, during which time the person is unable to breathe. This is similar to having a pillow over your head thirty to fifty times a night until the lack of oxygen wakes you up enough to force you to breathe deeply. Sleep apnea is more common in those who are markedly overweight, have high blood pressure, have a shirt collar size over 16.5, or have sleepiness during the day. A history of falling asleep at the wheel while driving is much more common in people with sleep apnea.
Scott Leibowitz, MD, Sleep Medicine, answeredSleep apnea is when a person stops or struggles to breath during sleep making the person feel tired or not well rested. Watch this video to learn more from Dr. Scott Leibowitz about sleep apnea.
Discovery Health answered
Sleep apnea is a condition that makes you stop breathing temporarily while you sleep. This forces you to awaken to resume breathing, resulting in disruptive sleep.
People with sleep apnea show marked increases in their blood pressure over time and have a higher level of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) action, research shows.
The SNS plays an important role, controlling heart rate and the constriction of the blood vessels.
Normally, when you sleep, your blood pressure and SNS will taper off gradually. That doesn't happen if you have sleep apnea and you are waking at regular intervals to resume breathing.
Charles Sophy, Psychiatry, answered
Sleep apnea is a very common disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep, therefore causing many different chain reactions in your brain and body.Helpful? 1 person found this helpful.