Skin Care

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    ASalvatore Pacella, MD, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, answered on behalf of Scripps Health
    Mole removal is usually a minor surgical procedure, often done in an outpatient setting. Moles can be surgically removed, burned away or shaved off.

    Besides the relatively minor risk of infection, arguably the biggest downside to mole removal is the remaining scar. During surgical mole removal, a board-certified plastic surgeon will use an extremely fine suturing techniques prevent excess scarring and make the incision line heal as inconspicuously as possible. Burning or shaving off the mole effectively eliminate it, but these methods tend to result in more obvious scarring.

    After your mole is removed, it should be examined for signs of skin cancer, which commonly arises from a mole and is found only after a pathologist thoroughly examines the mole.

    Bear in mind that insurance may not cover removal of nonpigmented moles. Your surgeon can assist you in applying for approval.
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    Kids are more vulnerable to sun damage. A few blistering sunburns in childhood can double a person’s lifetime chances of developing serious forms of skin cancer. The best sunscreen is a hat and shirt. After that, protect kids with a sunscreen that’s effective and safe.
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    AOmar H. Llaguna, MD, Oncologic Surgery, answered on behalf of Baptist Health South Florida

    A congenital nevus is basically a mole or birthmark. They can occur anywhere on the body. The majority of these marks are benign, and do not require treatment other than for cosmesis (beauty-related reasons). But skin cancer — malignant melanoma — can develop in about 5 percent to 10 percent of cases. A change in texture, color or outline of the nevus, and/or the development of new nodules (tissue masses and knots) should be examined by a physician.

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    ADavid Pollock, , answered
    A smile changes your whole face and makes you look more radiant, distracting from areas that show your age. Along with that smile, maintain a positive attitude -- blocking negative thoughts that cause stress and wrinkles. Also, consider whitening your teeth. Coffee and other foods can stain your teeth over time, creating a dull look to your smile. Make your smile look bright and young by whitening them with an at-home kit or even visit your dentist for treatments that deliver faster results. You can always keep a spare toothbrush in your purse.
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    AYouBeauty answered
    Since moles can turn cancerous, it’s important that you’re screened yearly by a board-certified dermatologist if you have them.

    Unfortunately, there’s nothing you can do at home that will safely affect change on a mole, though wearing SPF 30 on exposed skin daily will help prevent skin cancer.

    “True moles should not be removed by lasers, they should be removed surgically so they can be biopsied,” David Bank, MD, president of the New York State Society for Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, told us. This is a situation where it’s truly better to be safe than sorry.
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    AYouBeauty answered
    The greater amount of melanin in darker skin tones can preserve the youthful look of your skin longer -- but it can't totally prevent your skin from aging. “If you take care of your darker skin, it’s an advantage to you as you age, but if you don’t wear sunscreen, you’re no better off,” Montclair, New Jersey, dermatologist Jeanine Downie, MD, told us.
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    AYouBeauty answered
    While environmental and lifestyle factors no doubt play a major role in how you age, experts say that pure genetic luck is the foundation of the equation. A 2009 study of twins published in the Archives of Dermatology revealed that up to 60 percent of skin aging is due to genetics, Dr. Heidi Waldorf, director of laser and cosmetic dermatology at New York’s Mount Sinai Hospital, told us.

    But be forewarned -- this fact could work against you if the assumption that you have “good” genetic odds leads you to not care for your skin. “You can have the best genes in the world, but if you smoke or bake in the sun, you’ll look 10 to 15 years older,” says Los Angeles dermatologist, Dr. Ava Shamban. “Moral of the story: Don’t count on your genes to save you from a poor lifestyle. It’s genetics and environmental damage to genetic code that determines the speed you age.“
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    AYouBeauty answered
    There are a few different ways you can combat under-eye circles. Here are three fixes:

    Makeup: To effectively cover a dark under-eye area with makeup, choose a creamy concealer in one shade lighter than your skin tone. Make sure to go with a blend that contains yellow undertones, which help neutralize a purple cast.

    Skin care products: Don’t shoot the messenger, but most dermatologists contend that despite product claims, so far, no skin care product has truly been scientifically proven to combat under eye circles. That said, like makeup, some can improve the appearance of them. Look for a product that contains light-reflecting pigments, which delivers a kind of “mirage” effect to dark areas. Hydroquinone or kojic acid can also help lighten the area if you’re dealing with hyper-pigmentation issues. (That's when the skin is dark, not the blood vessels below the skin.)

    Professional help: When all else fails, visit a dermatologist to determine what more aggressive measures you can take. Chemical peels can sometimes improve the condition, and many dermatologists swear by laser resurfacing -- which will usually vary from doctor to doctor -- to treat the problem. 
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    AMehmet Oz, MD, Cardiology, answered
    Why Do I Have Extra Nipples?

    Two nipples are the norm for most humans, but some people have extras. In this video, Dr. Oz interviews a woman with nine nipples and explains how and why this happens.


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    AArthur Perry, MD, Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, answered
    Urologists have actually studied who should be a candidate for a penile augmentation. They state that the man's penis must be shorter than 4 centimeters, or shorter than 7.5 centimeters when erect, to be considered appropriate for penile lengthening.