The cost of housing and meals and certain personal care services may be deductible; the determining factor is generally the inability to perform at least two activities of daily living without assistance. These daily functions include such activities as eating, going to the bathroom, transferring, medication assistance, dressing, and bathing. A doctor must certify in writing that the patient has been unable to perform these activities for at least 90 days.
If you are paying for a resident to be in an assisted living care facility for the reasons above, you may be eligible for a deduction on your itemized tax return. The resident must qualify by meeting the criteria, and must be related to the payer or have lived as a member of their household for an entire year. A parent must also be a citizen or resident of the United States, Mexico, or Canada, and the child must have paid over 50% of his or her support for the year.
The deduction may also be taken in the case of certain cognitive diseases such as Alzheimer's disease or dementia-related diagnoses.
Consult with your tax professional to determine your eligibility for this deduction.