Scoliosis is a curvature of the spine - a disorder that typically occurs just before puberty, and is more common in girls. Schools and pediatricians screen for scoliosis; uneven shoulders or hips are often clues. If your child has a curvature, make sure you see your pediatrician regularly to monitor it. Scoliosis is sometimes temporary. Often, the curvature is mild enough that it doesn't require treatment. Doctors monitor scoliosis to determine if it's getting worse - and for some this may mean a brace or surgery.